AskDefine | Define abrasion

Dictionary Definition



1 an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off [syn: scratch, scrape, excoriation]
2 erosion by friction [syn: attrition, corrasion, detrition]
3 the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or ice [syn: grinding, attrition, detrition]

User Contributed Dictionary



abrasio, from abrado; see abrade. Attested in English since 1656.



  1. The act of abrading, wearing, or rubbing off; the wearing away by friction.
  2. The substance thus rubbed off.
  3. A superficial excoriation, with loss of substance under the form of small shreds.
  4. The effect of mechanical erosion of rock, especially a river bed, by rock fragments scratching and scraping it.

Related terms


act of abrading
  • Finnish: hionta
  • German: Abrasion
substance rubbed off
  • Finnish: hiomapöly
medicine: superficial excoriation
  • Czech: odřenina
  • Finnish: hiertymä
  • German: Abrasion
geology: effect of mechanical erosion of rock
  • Finnish: kuluma
  • German: Abrasion



fr-noun f

Extensive Definition

In dermatology, an abrasion, is a wound consisting of superficial damage to the skin, generally not deeper than the epidermis. It is more superficial than an excoriation, although it can give mild bleeding. Mild abrasions, also known as 'grazes' do not scar, but deep abrasions may lead to the development of scarring tissue.
A more serious abrasion injury that removes all of the layers of skin is more commonly called an avulsion injury.
Most commonly, abrasion injuries occur when exposed skin comes into moving contact with a rough surface causing trauma to the upper layers of the epidermis.

Types of abrasions

Such injuries, where caused by abrasive contact with textiles or carpet, are sometimes referred to as rug burn or carpet burn. In vehicle accidents where the skin contacts the road surface, it is known as road rash. Slipping on ropes or other surfaces is known as rope burn or friction burn.
abrasion in Danish: Abrasion
abrasion in German: Schürfwunde
abrasion in Esperanto: Abrazio
abrasion in French: Abrasion (médecine)
abrasion in Galician: Abrasión
abrasion in Dutch: Schaafwond
abrasion in Japanese: 擦過傷

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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